30 Interesting Facts And Discoveries About Mars
Well, we’re here today. These are 30 curious and interesting facts about mars that are often unknown, but there are many and many more that can add to the list
Mars, the great red planet, is the fourth planet closest to the Sun, our beloved neighbor in the Solar System and without a doubt, one of the most curious in this planetary system, taking away the sleep of many. How much do you know about Mars? I invite you to corroborate this knowledge and learn much more about this planet with these 30 facts about Mars.
1. If there were humans on Mars
If there were humans on this planet and they did not wear the right space suit for the event, they would die quickly, but in great pain. What would happen is that because of the pressure, so low, of Mars, the oxygen in the blood that runs throughout the body would become bubbles and cause a painful death immediately. (This Is One Of the accurate 30 facts about this planet)
2. Noctis Labyrinthus
Excellent name for a black metal band, is not it? It was my idea! Okay? Noctis Labyrinthus (Latin) or “The labyrinths of the night,” in Spanish, are the labyrinths found in the Mars canyons. The largest, deepest, most complicated and most unexplorable labyrinths in the entire Solar System. Darkness, loneliness, mystery and all the sinister things you can imagine.
3. From Mars to Earth by car
If in a car we traveled from Mars to Earth, at a speed of 60 mph or about 96 km / h, it would take us a total of 271 years and 221 days to get home
4. The Martina Bermuda Triangle”
There is something that in the scientific community known as the “Martian Bermuda Triangle” or “great galactic demon,” none literal, both named in a burlesque manner, referring to the disappearances of robotic and technological devices sent to this planet. In essence, 1 out of 3 spacecraft sent to this planet to manage to reach the surface, the other two are unsuccessful and disappear, disintegrate or lose contact with the base upon entering the red planet.
5. The atmosphere of Mars is what does not allow water to be
The fragile atmosphere of this planet, mainly composed of carbon dioxide, is the reason why there is no liquid water on Mars. There may be steam, and known that there is ice, but not liquid water.
6. Why is Mars red?
Its nickname is not by chance, but by causality. Mars is red because it has huge amounts of iron oxide (iron and oxygen). The entire planet is in oxidation. The hard rocks and the mountains of Mars are constantly oxidizing, so the whole planet has that characteristic rusty color that varies between shades of dark red, reddish brown and dark brown.
7. It also has the deepest canyon
That’s right; it also has the deepest canyon in the entire Solar System. It is the Valles Marineris, which extends for 4000 km in length from the Martian equator and has regions with 7 km depth.
8. Mars has the highest mountain in the Solar System
Another of the planetary records that Mars possesses is that of the highest mountain in the entire Solar System. It is known as Mount Olympus and rises more than 27 km above the surrounding plains.
9. On Mars, you would jump much higher than here
How high can you jump? I already told you that on This Planet the force of gravity is much less intense than here on Earth. Well, so much so to be able to solve that if you jumped on This Planet, you would reach three times the height you can reach here.
10. It has the worst sandstorms you can imagine
Despite its size, Mars has the largest, strongest and most powerful sand and dust storms in the entire Solar System. As we have seen previously, the idea of colonizing Mars for human beings to inhabit it is closer than we thought and this issue of storms is one of the biggest challenges that engineers of the Mars One project face NASA scientists have noted the terrifying sandstorms on This planet since 1971 and although they have not yet been able to determine why they last so long (several months) and are so intense, they assume that the dust particles present in the atmosphere of this planet absorb so much sunlight, raise the temperatures of the atmosphere and cause strong winds, has much to do about it.
11. It is much smaller than Earth
In addition to being almost half the size of our planet, the red neighbor has a total mass that is only 10% of the Earth’s total mass. It’s smaller than you thought, right?
12. Mars is quite smaller than you think
How big do you imagine Mars? It is a common mistake to represent it of a size similar to that of Earth since, in reality, The planet has a diameter of about 6800 square kilometers, that is, it is almost half as small as Earth.
13. The Martian symbol
The symbol of This planet is the same symbol that represents the male sex. It comes as a shield with a spear, which in reality is none other than, precisely, that of Mars or Ares, ancient gods of war mentioned above.
14. The third month of the year
Following the issue of nominalizations, March, the third month of the Gregorian calendar, received its name from Mars. Etymologically, March comes from the Latin Martins, derived from Mars, which was the god of war for the Romans and which in our language would be Mars.
15. The Egyptians were the first to name the planet
The first name of this planet was Har dècher, which would mean something like “red,” and granted by the ancient Egyptians. In addition, the Babylonians called him Nergal (“star of death”), Ares and Mars called him the Greeks and Romans, respectively, in honor of their deities and finally, the Hebrews called him Ma’adim, which would mean “the who blushes. ”
16. Mars also has four stations
Maybe you do not know it: on this planet, there are four seasons (spring, summer, autumn, and winter) just like on Earth. The big difference lies in the duration that these stations have on our neighboring planet. In the Northern Hemisphere, Martian Spring lasts seven months and Summer 6, but autumn and winter vary in small temporal lapses.
17. On Mars, there is less gravity than on Earth
This data is quite obvious. On this planet there is up to 62% less gravity than on Earth, being a good place for those people who want to lose weight in a short time, because a person who weighs on our planet, for example, 100 kg, would weigh only about 40 kg on the red planet.
18. We have parts of Mars here on Earth
We know that both Earth and Mars originally formed from a series of cosmic crashes, shaped by giant asteroids billions of years ago. Part of the fragments resulting from impacts on Mars ended up orbiting the Solar System for millions of years and, guided by gravitational forces, ended here on Earth.
19. The closest thing to Mars we know is Antarctica
Antarctica is a unique and amazing place, we have spoken on several occasions. If there were a place on Earth that could resemble Mars, it would be Antarctica, especially in its desert regions.
20. Galileo Galilei and Mars
Galileo Galilei was the first person to find Mars with a telescope. He did it in 1609, at 45 years of age. Can you imagine that? Can you imagine that feeling?
21. Huge tidal waves on ancient Mars
The most recent studies show that giant waves were produced in the ancient ocean of the red planet. According to Alex Rodriguez, one of the scientists who defend this theory, the waves could reach 120 meters high, but with a frequency of once every three million years.
22. Mars came to harbor more water than the Arctic Ocean
Although the location of the ancient ocean of Mars remains a mystery, it is likely to occupy about 19% of the entire surface of the planet. Studies of the atmosphere of Mars and its comparison with the concentration of water in a Martian meteorite of 4.5 billion years show that, since then, the planet has lost 87% of all its water.
23. The underground volcanoes
The presence of tridymite indicates that, in the past, the planet had a great volcanic activity. The studies carried out by the MRO space station also showed that there were volcanic eruptions under the Martian ice, especially in the region of Sisyphi Montes, covered with mountains with flat tops, very similar to the subglacial volcanoes of the Earth. In addition, mineral debris ejected by the eruptions were discovered.
24. The white planet
On Mars, the color red used to prevail over white, which is because the planet survived an ice age much more severe than those that hit the Earth. With a special radar, able to study the lowest levels of terrain, astronomers investigated the Martian poles and found that the Martian ice age had passed 370,000 years ago. In addition, the new ice age could come within another 150,000 years.
25. The Morse Martian Dunes
This planet rovers and probes have long been exploring the sands of the red planet. However, recent photos have caused some confusion among researchers. In February 2016, a space station took a picture of a region of the planet on which there were signs very similar to the points and stripes of the Morse code. While the rays are explained by strong winds, very common on the planet, the origin of the points is still unknown.
26. The harvest
One of the key questions about the colonization of Mars is the possibility of growing food on your land. According to scientists at the University of Wageningen, in the Netherlands, at least four terrestrial plants can easily be grown on Mars: tomato, radish, rye, and beans.
27. The mystery of the minerals of Mars
In 2015, the space laboratory Curiosity studied one of the regions of the planet, in which the sandstone is located on a base of argillite – a clay sedimentary rock composed generally of mica, quartz, and sericite. In this way, it was discovered that that area of the planet contains enormous amounts of silica, the key component of rocks. To produce this amount of silica a large amount of water is needed. In addition, the first sample of the rocks revealed that the area also has large deposits of tridymite, a very scarce mineral even on Earth.
28. The impacts
They could contain remnants of life and have been found on this planet. The impacts are rocks, formed from the impact produced by the blow of a large meteorite.
On Earth, its most significant deposits found in Nevada (USA) and Tasmania (Australia). In 2015, NASA discovered new deposits of impactites on this planet, very similar to those of Argentina, which harbor organic substances. Therefore, scientists assume that the rocks of the red planet could also contain something similar.
In September 2014, the MAVEN satellite entered the orbit of Mars, where it became a witness to an unusual event. Comet C / 2013 A1 passed only 140,000 kilometers from the Martian surface, causing considerable damage to its weak magnetosphere. The phenomenon can compare to a brief solar storm, but very powerful.
30. The combed comb of Mars
After the launch of MAVEN to Mars orbit, astronomers, using a computer simulation, detected that the red planet has a ‘specific hairstyle,’ ‘punk’ style, made of charged and torn particles from the atmosphere by the solar wind.
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