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Modern Agriculture And Its Practices 2019

Agriculture Practices

After the Second World War, subsistence agriculture in Western countries gave way to production agriculture, radically transforming the farmer’s work. The development of modern farming has based on technologies already proven for several decades.

 

agriculture
agriculture

Today, the evolution continues with new challenges, in particular, that of “green-intensive” agriculture.

Technical revolution on all floors

Much of the modernization of agriculture has come from:

  • In the development of agricultural machinery,
  • to the improvement of species of plants and animals,
  • In the event of new fertilizers and plant protection products.

This modernization takes place at all stages of the crop cycle:

  • Preparation of the plot: to work the soil, the farmer, has different materials at his disposal, including plow for deep plowing, dethatcher for work on the surface, harrow to crumble the ground.
  • Sowing or planting: there, the place for sophisticated seed drills (crop, precision, monograms.) or planters (potato for example) for the establishment of the crop, with varieties improved continuously.
  • Fertilization: Spreaders or distributors of fertilizers and soil additives provide the soil with the mineral or organic elements necessary for plant growth.
  • Plant protection: to control crop pests (diseases, weeds, insects), the farmer can use chemicals that are applied with a sprayer or deposited directly on the seed. He can also fight them mechanically (hoeing, burial, mowing.)
  • Harvesting: with each culture its harvesting machine Quoting them all is impossible. One of the most challenges at this stage is to avoid soil degradation thanks to gear weight.

Inbreeding also modernization has made its way: milking machine, artificial insemination, automatic food vending machines.

For all farmers, the latest significant development is probably the internet: nearly three-quarters of them connected to the web. They use it to steer their operations and manage increasingly complex administrative and regulatory records. Farmers have become entrepreneurs.

Modern agriculture on the side of men and women

Farming is not just about its technical universe. The human aspect is particularly important in this profession, which is very dependent on the rural fabric of which it is an essential component. Mutual help for field work, collaboration in cooperatives of use of agricultural equipment (CUMA), mutual learning to develop versatility … Impossible to practice farming alone.

Another significant development in recent decades, women have gained a full place in agriculture. And this, both in their professional status and in the responsibilities they take on farms or agricultural organizations.

agriculture
agriculture

Finally, while technological advances have played a vital role in the modernization of agriculture, the changes have been accompanied by new organizational instruments introduced since the 1960s: common agricultural policy, agricultural extension organizations, structuring sectors, strengthening agrarian education.

Know about facts and discoveries of mars

What modernity for tomorrow?

The first green revolution has doubled French agricultural production in just over 40 years. But at what cost?

Voices rise, challenging a “productivist ideology” with poorly controlled consequences on the environment and the quality of products.

Today, the agricultural world faces a new challenge: to continue to produce enough food in a sustainable agriculture approach, respectful of natural resources.

The concept of “eco-intensive” agriculture is part of this perspective and is beginning to materialize with the support of agronomic research.

Modern Agriculture: Definition and Characteristics

The contemporary agriculture is one in which the success of the process depends on the use of technology, access to resources, management, investment, market characteristics and support at the government level held.

This type of practice allows having better control of the factors that intervene in the processes of crops and the breeding of animals. In this way, the results obtained will depend on the success of the management of these factors.

However, maintaining fertile soil with a comfortable quantity of nutrients and with adequate irrigation is achieved with the assistance of technology and therefore the acceptable machinery for this.

This type of activity is compatible with subsistence agriculture, which resists in some areas to disappear.

Some studies estimate that between 2010 and 2050, the population of developed countries will need regarding double the agricultural production. As a result, it’s going to be necessary to increase the assembly wants so that it’s going to suffer a delay, raising the price food.

Techniques of recent agriculture

The new technologies adopted for the event of crops bring with them some components, among that we can mention: the variability of high yield seeds, the correct irrigation practices, fertilizers, pesticides, planting many forms of crops at the identical time, what’s called crop rotation, etc.

Below is a detailed description of each of these techniques implemented by this type of agriculture:
High-performance seeds

This type of seeds is known as HYV seeds by their signifier in English, have the characteristics that build them able to take higher advantage of irrigation water, nutrients. The quantity of product obtained per space planted is higher compared to a standard seed.

However, they are very delicate, and to obtain the desired results; we must take special care of them since any change in crop management causes production and productivity to reduced without having a successful harvest.

Irrigation practices

Water is essential for harvests to develop, which is why it is called the blood of agricultural life.

Water plays an essential role in the development of the cultivation pattern, the crop mixtures, the intensity of the crop and so the extent of the land planted and consequently the seasonal rhythm for each crop.

Therefore, it must take into account that without adequate irrigation it is not possible to use high-yielding seeds, and it is not possible to perform the appropriate fertilization of them.

Fertilizers

The use of fertilizers is an essential ingredient for contemporary agriculture. With them, you’ll be able to increase the productivity of the crop of high-yield seeds.

However, it is essential to make the selection of biofertilizers since they are sustainable and more friendly to the environment.  In several cases, this applies achieved with the addition of nitrogen-fixing bacterium in high-yield seeds.

Pesticides are chemical substances accustomed management pests that attack crops. However, several of them contaminate crops inflicting health issues.

In trendy agriculture, farmers are adopting integrated blighter management (IPM) as a property different to the utilization of pesticides.

This type of management permits the incorporation of a series of techniques to manage pests that attack crops however with less injury to the setting.

An example of this application is to plant crops proof against pests, use biological management with insects that eat them, destroy the areas wherever they create nests, among others. During this method, the utilization of chemical pesticides may be expedient.

Crop rotation
agriculture
agriculture

The rotation of crop allows different planting types of plants in the same place so that the soil is entitled to recover the nutrients that were removed by a previous crop.

This technique considered one of the most powerful in modern agriculture, as it avoids the consequences of planting the same type of crop in the same area, year after year.

Another benefit of crop rotation is the biological control of pests, since many of them like a specific crop, planted every year on the same surface, so they are guaranteed to have enough food for their growth and development.

An example of this application is to plant crops proof against pests, use biological management with insects that eat them, destroy the areas wherever they create nests, among others. During this method, the utilization of chemical pesticides may be expedient.

An example of crop rotation place in situ by some farmers has been planting soybean and different legumes. Because of this apply the farmers can fill up the nutrients in the soil so that within the next season, in this same house that already has enough nutrients, they’re going to plant corn.

Cattle raising

Modern agriculture and placental mammal farming depend upon each other and are a part of the precious resources that the land offers. Every plant or animal includes a specific role inside this method.

Some studies have determined that for the assembly of a metric weight unit of meat, three to ten kilograms of grains required. In this sense, most farmers raise livestock to feed their families or to sell them in a market that is increasingly competitive.

But to achieve a balance between the level of performance, food stability, and conservation of the environment, it is necessary that there are appropriate incentives that stimulate the practice of livestock.

An element of this incentive is biological knowledge and agricultural practices applicable to different types of ecosystems, regions, soil types and relief.

Even though many problems caused by the raising of livestock are challenging to control, with the allocation of the right incentives can collaborate with the increase of the benefits of agricultural production towards society.

Therefore, it’s necessary the coordinated participation of the offices or ministries of agriculture and setting to develop a typical goal, that permits achieving property development by addressing the issues of each entities relating to the employment and management of land and therefore the resources.

However, it ought to bear in mind that while not the adequate investment, the profits received from crop yields yet as environmental protection is also too little to realize the transition to property agriculture.

Machinery
agriculture
agriculture

These square measure a component of high importance inside fashionable agriculture, since just like the antecedently treated aspects, while not them, it’s unacceptable to develop a superb agricultural method.

Access to modern machinery and technology are determining factors for the success of modern agriculture. Both elements provide great help since each one plays a decisive role in a specified stage of the agricultural process.

For soil preparation, irrigation, sowing seeds, crop assortment, fertilization and pesterer management, in every one of those activities, the participation of modern machinery is essential to confirm the success of the method.

Technology

Agricultural technology is taken into account one of the first spectacular and revolutionary areas of this field since it targeted on achieving enough food production to satisfy the growing demand of the population.

Despite the fact that it is ought not to overlooked that innovation develops quickly. Modern farmers can do a better job compared to what their ancestors did.

Technology has changed the way machines operate, the use of computer systems, global positioning systems (GPS), automatic management programs, reduce fuel consumption, loss of seeds and fertilizers, among others.

The road to sustainable agriculture

Modern agriculture permits farmers to arrange their goals with the property of their application in mind. These imply preserving and protecting natural resources, providing food and fuel to a growing population, dead a financially viable means for producers and customers.

However, everything depends on the excellent management that made of each of the elements that make up the system of modern agriculture. If any of them fails, it will not be possible to achieve the desired yield and productivity, and as a consequence, the quality and quantity of available food will decrease.

To helpful in work, it’s necessary to speculate in agricultural analysis, development, and extension also because of the implementation of higher product and services and even the improvement within the application of processes, which derived from the analysis.

In this analysis method, government entities and private corporations should submerge to implement programs and policies that offer the regulative framework which successively provides incentives to those that take the chance of innovating.

As for last data, the United Nations Organization for Agriculture, notes that world agriculture has been able to meet the demand for food for the last half-century. However, the growth of productivity will depend on proper management of the resources available for this.

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